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Corinth at the Time of Paul's Arrival

Historical Background

   Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., his successors struggled against each other for control of Corinth. They regarded it as quite a prize, due to its strategic location.

   Roman involvement with Corinth began seriously in 198 B.C.E., during the second war Macedonia fought against Rome. From 198 B.C.E. to 146 B.C.E., when the Romans captured, looted, and burned the territory, Corinth was a bargaining chip and passed between the hands of the Romans and the Greek Achaean League. In 146 B.C.E. the Romans totally destroyed Corinth, killing the men and selling the women and children into slavery.

   We do not hear of Corinth again until 44 B.C.E. when a decree of Julius Caesar established Corinth as a Roman colony. Corinth was apparently first settled by members of Italian lower classes, ex-soldiers from a variety of ethnicities, and Greek, Syrian, Egyptian and Judean freed slaves.

   The Roman period was one of continually increasing property for the territory. The stability provided by Rome allowed various industries to thrive.

   Despite a devastating earthquake in 77 C.E.,

   In later Christian history,

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Notes and Credits

   All of the photographs on this page were taken by A. Brockway/T. Price. You can visit their web site about Corinth at

   Disclaimer: Some links jump to outside sites for further information on Corinthians, the Bible, Paul, and other resources. Links do not constitute an endorsement by the Women's Division of the information on other web sites. External web sites offer us diverse perspectives; afford us an opportunity to compare them to United Methodist positions; and, encourage us to critically analyze the issues raised by the Corinthians web pages.