Corinth at the Time of Paul's Arrival
Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., his successors struggled against each other for control of Corinth. They regarded it as quite a prize, due to its
Roman involvement with Corinth began seriously in 198 B.C.E., during the
second war Macedonia fought against Rome. From 198 B.C.E. to 146 B.C.E., when the Romans captured, looted, and burned the territory, Corinth was a bargaining chip and passed between the hands of the Romans and the Greek Achaean League. In 146 B.C.E. the Romans totally destroyed Corinth, killing the men and selling the women and children into slavery.
We do not hear of Corinth again until 44 B.C.E. when a decree of Julius Caesar established Corinth as a Roman colony. Corinth was apparently first settled by members of Italian lower classes, ex-soldiers from a variety of ethnicities, and Greek, Syrian, Egyptian and Judean freed slaves.
The Roman period was one of continually
increasing property for the territory. The stability provided by Rome
allowed various industries to thrive.
Despite a devastating earthquake in 77 C.E.,
In later Christian history,
Other Web Sites
- Ancient Corinth Hellenic Ministry of Culture, Greece
- Corinth, PBS Frontline, "From Jesus to Christ"
Background about Corinth in Paul's time that is part of a clickable map.
- Corinth: A Brief History by Allan Brockway and Thomas Price
A brief history of Corinth and Paul's work there in addition to contemporary photos of excavations in Corinth. Thomas Price earned his Ph.D. in theology from Boston University and worked for the General Board of Church and Society for 10 years. Allan Brockway has been a "specialist" in Jewish Christian Relations with the World Council of Churches in Geneva and an educator in Judaism and Christianity at the Selly Oak Colleges and the University of Birmingham (England).
- The Evolution of a Pan-Hellenic Sanctuary: From Archaeology towards History at Isthmia by Elizabeth R. Gebhard, Greek Sanctuaries, New Approaches edited by Nanno Marinatos and Robin Hagg (Routledge: 1993), pp.154-177.
This scholarly article is about the sanctuary of Poseidon on the Isthmus of Corinth, the Corinthian's most important religious foundation outside the city. This article also has information about various myths concerning the beginning of the Isthmian games. A dominant one was that Sisyphos began them as funeral games for the infant Melikertes-Palaimon, who had drowned and whose body was returned to the Isthmian beach by one of Poseidon's dolphins.
- Greek Religion, University of Pennslvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
General background, artifacts, and information about the artifacts
- The Isthmian Games and the Sanctuary of Poseidon in the Early Empire by Elizabeth R. Gebhard, Journal of Roman Archaeology, Supplemental Series Number 8, Ann Arbor, MI 1993.
The aim of this scholarly paper is to address certain questions about the Isthmian Sanctuary in the 1st and 2nd c. A.D. A long scholarly paper exploring questions such as " "When [after Corinth was re-founded] did the festival return to its traditional home at the Isthmian Sanctuary of Poseidon?"
- Kenchreai, Eastern Port of Corinth, by Hector Williams, University of British Columbia
A substantial history, variety of historical maps, including a city plan, and contemporary photos of Cenchreae.
- Pausanias, Greece
2nd century description and history of Corinth.
- Strabo, Geography
Late 1st century B.C.E.-Early 1st century C.E. description and history of Corinth.
- Aspects of the Mediterranean Social World, Resource Pages for Biblical Studies
- The Burning of Rome, 64. A.D.
Historical background, pictures, and an excerpt (in English translation) from the historian Tacitus' , The Annals of Imperial Rome.
- De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
DIR is an on-line encyclopedia on the rulers of the Roman empire from Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453).
- The Illustrated History of the Roman Empire
Ten megabytes of information on this site, which includes a children's section
- Hellenistic / Roman Religion & Philosophy, The Jewish Roman World of Jesus by Dr. James D. Tabor
- Jews and Christians in a Roman World, Archaeology, Archaeological Institute of America
Highlights from papers by Richard A. Horsley, research professor in the classics and religion department at the University of Massachusetts, and Susan E. Alcock, associate professor of classical studies at the University of Michigan, delivered at a symposium in 1999 at the University of Pennsylvania.
- Religion in the Roman World, PBS Frontline, "From Jesus to Christ"
An article by Marriane Bonz, managing editor of Harvard Theological Review. Early Christian preachers such as the Apostle Paul brought the gospel about Jesus Christ to an empire already crammed full of deities. She gives background on these deities.
- The Romans, BBC Education
This site is aimed at Primary Teachers and older primary students interested in Roman History.
- Slavery 'Worse Now Than under Roman Empire' by Ian Burrell, The Independent, December 2, 2000
Kevin Bales, a professor of sociology calculates that 27 million people now live as slaves, more than in the Roman Empire or at the height of the transatlantic slave trade.
Paul's Letters to the Corinthians
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Notes and Credits
All of the photographs on this page were taken by A. Brockway/T. Price. You can visit their web site about Corinth at http://www.abrock.com/Greece-Turkey/corinth.html.
Disclaimer: Some links jump to outside sites for further information on Corinthians, the Bible, Paul, and other resources. Links do not constitute an endorsement by the Women's Division of the information on other web sites. External web sites offer us diverse perspectives; afford us an opportunity to compare them to United Methodist positions; and, encourage us to critically analyze the issues raised by the Corinthians web pages.