Corinth was surrounded by a six-mile-long wall, except where the Acrocorinth was. On this mountain stood a temple of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, whom the Corinthians credited for bringing wealth to their city. The ancient historian Pausanias wrote:
[2.5.1] "On the summit of the Acrocorinthus is a temple of Aphrodite. The images are Aphrodite armed, Helius, and Eros with a bow. The spring, which is behind the temple, they say was the gift of Asopus to Sisyphus. The latter knew, so runs the legend, that
Zeus had ravished Aegina, the daughter of Asopus, but refused to give information to
the seeker before he had a spring given him on the Acrocorinthus."
A fortress was also on the mountain. The ones visitors see today was built in Byzantine times, upon ruins of the ancient one. The Upper Peirene Spring, mentioned by Pausanius, is still there. With its extensive fortifications and supply of spring water, the citadel was almost impregnable and key to the defense of Corinth.
Notes and Credits
The photograph(s) by Allan R. Brockway are used with his permission. Please credit him and the web page on Corinth, which Thomas Price has written. For many years, Allan Brockway was "specialist" in Jewish Christian Relations with the World Council of Churches in Geneva and an educator in Judaism and Christianity at the Selly Oak Colleges and the University of Birmingham (England). Thomas Price earned his Ph.D. in theology from Boston University and worked for the General Board of Church and Society for 10 years. He works for the Social Security Administration and teaches adult Bible classes in Paul and the historical Jesus at St. Matthew's UMC, Bowie, Maryland. The web site grew out of his research on Paul before and after a tour of Greece and Turkey in the "footsteps of Paul."
The image of the fortress is a non-copyrighted photograph from Apollo: An Infrastructure for Teaching the Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Worlds at http://apollo.classics.unc.edu/. Click on it to see a larger version.
The map of Corinth and the Isthmus was adapted from a public domain map scanned from An Historical Atlas Containing a Chronological Series of One Hundred and Four Maps, at Successive Periods, from the Dawn of History to the Present Day by Robert H. Labberton. Sixth Edition. 1884.
Disclaimer: Some links jump to outside sites for further information on Corinthians, the Bible, Paul, and other resources. Links do not constitute an endorsement by the Women's Division of the information on other web sites. External web sites offer us diverse perspectives; afford us an opportunity to compare them to United Methodist positions; and, encourage us to critically analyze the issues raised by the Corinthians web pages.
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