Part I Biblical Scroll links to Bible 1. Part II Electronic Bible links to Part 2.
The Bible: The Book That Bridges the Millennia

Christian Symbols of the fish and anchor

Church History Timeline

FROM JESUS TO CONSTANTINE: 30--313

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Beginnings of the Church
30sMinistry, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus
c. 30-100 Clement of Rome
c. 36-69 Oral transmission of message and story of Jesus
Christianity centered in Jerusalem
c. 47-57Missionary travels of Paul
48Council of Jerusalem
62James the Just, "the Lord's Brother," martyred
64Emperor Nero of Rome persecutes Christians as cause of the Great Fire
c. 60sPeter and Paul martyred during Nero's reign
68-70 Dead Sea Scrolls hidden in caves
69-155 Polycarp, who became Bishop of Smryna
c. 70Mark
70Jewish revolt against Rome fails; Jerusalem sacked, Temple destroyed
c. 70-140Papias, bishop and author of Expositions of the Sayings of the Lord
70+Center of Christianity shifts from Jerusalem to Antioch, Alexandria, & Rome
c. 80 Matthew
80-90Deutero-Pauline Epistles: Colossians, Ephesians, and II Thessalonians
81-96Emperor Domitian styles self as "Master and God"
c. 90 Luke and John, Council of Jamnia
Apostolic Fathers, Persecutions, Gnosticism
90sChristians persecuted, Church's early structure established-- bishops, presbyters, and deacons; rabbinic movement develops from Pharisees
c. 95-6 1st Epistle of Clement, earliest Christian writing that is not in canon
98-117Persecutions (sporadic) of Christians by Emperor Trajan
100-110Pastoral Epistles: I & II Timothy and Titus
c. 110 Martydom of Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, who wrote Epistles en route to his death: The Epistles of Ignatius to the Ephesians, the Philadelphians, the Magnesians, the Romans, the Smyrnaeans, the Trallians, and to Polycarp.
The Didache or Teaching of the Lord to the Gentiles through the 12 Apostles (author unknown)
c. 112 Pliny, the younger, asks to Emperor Trajan about how to deal with Christians
117-138Hadrian is emperor of Rome
c. 120Papias is bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia
c. 125The Shepherd of Hermas, a very popular religious allegory
125-225Gnostic writings such as Nag Hammadi manuscripts
c. 130The Epistle of Barnabas
c. 130-200Irenaeus
133Aristides' Apology (no longer extant) addressed to Hadrian
135Second destruction of Jerusalem by Hadrian
140sMarcion and Valentius, Gnostic teachers, Marcion's New Testament
c.150 Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
c. 156Martydom of Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna
150Justin Martyr writes First Apology
Second Clement (author unknown)
Early Church Fathers, Persecutions, and Heresies
160Marcion dies
160-190Acts of Paul and Thecla, written by an orthodox Christian in Asia Minor
160-223Tertullian, author of Apology, father of Latin theology
160sTatian's Diatesseron
161-180Marcus Aurelius is emperor of Rome, Stoic philospher
161-180Widespread persecutions of Christians
168Martyrdom of Justin Martyr in Rome
c. 170-235Hippolytus, who became first antipope, but later reconciled to the church
177Irenaeus becomes Bishop of Lyons, Massacre of Christians in Lyon, Gaul
c. 178Growth of Sabellianism
180Irenaeus, Against Heresies
185-253Origen of Alexandria, author of Hexapla, many biblical commentaries
190-203Clement in Alexandria
193-211Septimus Severus, emperor of Rome, persecutes Christians
196Victor of Rome condemns Montanism
197Quartodeciman Easter controversy
200Bishop Irenaeus of Lyons is martyred
c. 200-258Thascius Caecilus Cyprianus (Cyprian)
202Martyrdom of Perpetua, Felicitas, and their companions
215Emperor Caraculla attacks Alexandrians, Origen flees to Caesarea, Palestine
c. 215Tertullian becomes a Montanist
c. 216Mani, founder of Manichaeism
218Origen is teacher in catechetical school, Alexandria
217-222Callistus is Bishop of Rome
232Origen flees to Caesarea, Israel. Heraclas is consecrated bishop of Alexandria.
235Bishop Hippolytus of Rome, prolific writer, is martyred
248Origen writes Against Celsus in Palestine
249-251Emperor Decius persecutes Christians.
249-251Growing controversy between Carthage and Rome about treatment of returning apostate Christians
251Council of Carthage, Cyprian has leading role
253-260Emperor Valerian, who ordered everyone to sacrifice to Roman gods, and Emperor Gallienus
254Origen dies in Tyre from wounds suffered from torture
258Cyprian of Carthage martyred
c. 260-340Eusebius, author of History of the Church, Life of Constantine, The Martyrs of Palestine
269Gallenius is sole emperor, Paul of Samosata condemned at Antioch
284-305Emperor Diocletian and most extensive persecutions of Christians
303-313The Great Persecution
306-337Emperor Constantine ends persecutions
310Armenia becomes first Christian state
312Constantine wins Battle of Milvian Bridge
313Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity, makes it official religion of the Empire


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