Part I Biblical Scroll links to Bible 1. Part II Electronic Bible links to Part 2.
The Bible: The Book That Bridges the Millennia

10 Commandments on Tablets

B.C./B.C.E. Timeline of Biblical & World Events

See Also:
Bible Timeline for After Christ's Birth
Timelines Index Page




Date(s)
B.C./B.C.E.

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Bible-related

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Cultural/historical

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Global Perspective

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c. 3000 spacer spacer * Mesopotamia: Sumerian civilization; cuneiform writing
* Egypt: Nile valley civilization; hieroglyphic writing
c. 2200 c. 1950 Abram and Sarai (Genesis 17:8) covenant community, extended family, nomadic herders * Bronze Age
* Egypt: Old Kingdom
* No. America: early Inuit society
c. 1800 Joseph in Egypt
Israelites enslaved in Egypt
agricultural society
patriarchal structure
* Egypt: Age of Pharaohs
* Mesopotamia: Epic of Gilgamesh written (c. 1750)
* Crete: Minoan civilization
c. 1250 Moses, the Exodus
wilderness
nomadic tribal migration * China: Shang dynasty (c. 1480-1050)
c. 1210 Joshua invasion of Canaan * Rise of India's civilizations
c. 1120 Judges (Judges 1) agricultural economy tribal villages * Greece: c. 1190 Trojan War * China: Chou dynasty
c. 1020
c. 1000
c. 965-922
Saul
David
Solomon
monarchy --multiple villages to kingdom * Central America: founding of Mayan dynasties
c. 931-722 writing of much biblical text
Early prophets (Amos)
Solomon's kingdom divided: North, Israel; South, Judah
722 Assyrians conquer Israel
* North Africa: founding of Carthage by Phoenicians
* Greece: first Olympic Games; Homeric epics
* Italy: founding of Rome
c. 732-540 621 Hilkiah finds Deuteronomy text
Editing of OT material


Prophecies of Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk
587 Babylonians conquer Judah, destroy Temple, deport people to Babylon * Persia: Zoroaster
* Greece: Aesop's Fables; Sappho; laws of Solon
c. 536-480 Building of Second Temple
Prophecy of Zechariah, Haggai
538 Cyrus allows Israelites to return to Jerusalem; Judah a
Persian province
* India: Siddhartha Gautauma, the Buddha (c. 563-483)
* China: Confucius (c. 551-479)
* Greece: Archaic period
c. 480-397 480 Esther becomes Queen of Persia
458 Ezra sent to Judah
444 Nehemiah
397 Prophecy of Malachi
Ezra's reforms; building of Second Temple * Greece: Persian Wars; Classical Age; Pericles in Athens; Parthenon built; Socrates, Plato, Euripides, etc.; Peloponnesian War
353-200 285-246 Septuagint translated in Alexandria 333 Alexander the Great conquers Persian Empire; Hellenization begins * Rise of Roman Republic
c. 200-100 First books OT Apocrypha written Seleucid heirs of Alexander rule Judea * China: Han dynasty
* Rome conquers Carthage, Greece, and Asia Minor
168-165 Maccabean revolt overthrows Seleucids Jewish self-rule under Hasmoneans
c. 143 Essene community begins
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100-1 B.C. c. 4 B.C. birth of Jesus
4 B.C. death of Herod the Great
63 B.C. Romans invade, violate Temple; Judea becomes a Roman province
30 B.C.-180 A.D. Pax Romana (Roman peace) unites Mediterranean world
* 73-70 B.C. Sicily and Italy: Romans defeat slave revolt led by Spartacus, crucify 6,000
* 30 B.C. death of Cleopatra; Rome annexes Egypt; Rome shifts from Republic to Empire under Augustus