The Higher Education
Act requires institutions of higher learning to adopt and enforce policies
aimed at preventing the illegal use of alcohol and other drugs. Ideally,
campus policies should contain specific measures to de-emphasize illegal,
excessive, and unnecessary alcohol consumption and promote the primary
academic and social goals of the institution. Policies should be developed
with input from students, faculty, administrators, and community members
and should address each of the following objectives:
Reducing the availability
and accessibility of alcohol
dry campus, dry residence halls, dry orientation, prohobition of or limitations
on alcohol at social activities on campus or at activities sponsored by
student organizations, prohibition of common containers of alcohol (kegs)
on campus, aggressive enforcement of minimum drinking age laws in residence
halls and throughout campus.
about alcohol-related risks
residence hall presentations by health educators, health fairs, "alcohol
awareness week," social marketing campaigns, mandatory risk-management
courses for student organizations that serve alcohol at social functions,
health education presentations at new-student orientation, peer education.
who have alcohol-related problems and supporting sobriety
early intervention, referrals to on- or off-campus treatment programs,
information about treatment options, screening of students who violate
alcohol policies for problems related to alcohol abuse, peer counseling,
and offering ample, discreet meeting space for 12-step recovery groups
for students to drink
prohibition of alcohol advertising (or advertising of discounted drinks)
in student newspapers and university publications, prohibition of alcohol
advertising and promotions on campus, prohibition of advertising the availability
of alcohol at events sponsored by student organizations.
living arrangements and social activities
substance-free housing, alcohol-free social events (particularly early
in the academic year), coffee houses or other alcohol-free gathering places
on campus, late-night activities at recreational facilities, late-night
study areas and computer labs.
Reducing risks within
the Greek system (for campuses that have such a system)
dry or deferred fraternity rush, mandatory risk management courses for
fraternity officers or for all members, dry fraternity houses, mandatory
registration of parties where alcohol will be present, invitation-only
parties, BYOB parties with limits on the number of drinks an individual
may bring, parties with hired bartenders, common container (keg) ban,
educational programs specifically aimed at the Greek community.
Breaking the link
between drinking and college sports
ban on tailgating (for students and alumni), ban on alcohol inside stadiums
and arenas, elimination of alcoholic-beverage industry sponsorship of
athletic teams (including intramural competition) and events, ban on alcohol
advertising inside stadiums and programs, educational programs specifically
developed for high-risk student athletes.
and community service goals
mandatory Friday morning classes (or exams) and higher academic standards,
community service requirements, incentives for community involvement or
voluntarism, increased courseload or gradepoint average requirements,
mandatory attendance at evening lectures or cultural/educational events,
greater faculty involvement with students.
members, faculty, alumni, parents, and students in prevent efforts
town/gown coalitions, responsible hospitality councils, public forums
to discuss alcohol issues, curriculum infusion, peer advocacy, enhanced
involvement of local law enforcement officials.
Enforcing campus policies
and state laws
The policy should
include a plan for enforcing all campus alcohol policies and state alcohol
laws, including penalties for violation. The policy should clearly state
that all institution employees have a duty to report policy violation
and should identify the appropriate individual to receive such reports.
Penalties, which should be progressively more severe, should be clearly
communicated to students
The policy should
include a plan to routinely collect data on the extent of alcohol and
other drug problems on campus. This information should be made available
to the public.
to prevent problems in college communities
service training, enforcement of laws against service to intoxicated and
underage patrons, "sting" operations, restrictions on happy hour-type
drink specials, liquor license challenges, moratorium on new liquor licenses.